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UGT2B17 minor histocompatibility mismatch and clinical outcome after HLA-identical sibling donor stem cell transplantation.

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Minor histocompatibility Ags (mHags) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of GVHD after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Uridine diphospho-glucuronosyltransferase 2B17 (UGT2B17) gene deletion may act as a mHag and its association with acute GVHD (aGVHD) has been described. We retrospectively studied the clinical impact of a UGT2B17 mismatch in a cohort of 1127 patients receiving a HSCT from an HLA-identical sibling donor. UGT2B17 mismatch was present in 69 cases (6.1%). Incidence of severe aGVHD was higher in the UGT2B17 mismatched pairs (22.7% vs 14.6%), but this difference was not statistically significant (P: 0.098). We did not detect differences in chronic GVHD, overall survival, relapse-free survival, transplant-related mortality or relapse. Nevertheless, when we analyzed only those patients receiving grafts from a male donor (616 cases), aGVHD was significantly higher in the UGT2B17 mismatched group (25.1% vs 12.8%; P: 0.005) and this association was confirmed by the multivariate analysis (P: 0.043; hazard ratio: 2.16, 95% confidence interval: 1.03-4.57). Overall survival was worse for patients mismatched for UGT2B17 (P: 0.005). We conclude that UGT2B17 mismatch has a negative clinical impact in allogeneic HSCT from HLA-identical sibling donors only when a male donor is used. These results should be confirmed by other studies.
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