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dc.contributor.authorEsteve, Rosa
dc.contributor.authorLópez-Martínez, Alicia E
dc.contributor.authorPeters, Madelon L
dc.contributor.authorSerrano-Ibáñez, Elena R
dc.contributor.authorRuíz-Párraga, Gema T
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Gómez, Henar
dc.contributor.authorRamírez-Maestre, Carmen
dc.description.abstractThe aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify subgroups of patients on the basis of their activity patterns and to investigate their relationship with life goals, optimism, affect, and functioning. The sample was comprised of 276 patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed on the activity pattern variables and the resulting clusters were compared using 1-way analysis of variance. The 4-cluster was the optimal solution. The 4 clusters comprised: 1) avoiders: patients with high levels of avoidance and low levels of persistence, who use pacing to reduce pain, 2) doers: patients with high levels of persistence and low levels of pacing and avoidance, 3) extreme cyclers: patients with high levels of avoidance and persistence and low levels of pacing, and 4) medium cyclers: patients with moderately high levels of avoidance and persistence and high levels of pacing. Comparison of the clusters showed that doers had the most adaptive profile, whereas avoiders, followed by extreme cyclers, had unhealthy profiles. Doers showed a high level of optimism and a good balance between goal value, expectancy, and conflict. It is useful to distinguish profiles on the basis of various activity patterns. In contrast to profiles characterized by avoidance, profiles characterized by high persistence and low avoidance were associated with adaptive results. Patients with this profile also showed a high level of optimism and a good balance between goal value, expectancy, and conflict.
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dc.subjectActivity patterns
dc.subjectchronic pain
dc.subjectlife goals
dc.subject.meshActivities of Daily Living
dc.subject.meshAdaptation, Psychological
dc.subject.meshChronic Pain
dc.subject.meshDisability Evaluation
dc.subject.meshMiddle Aged
dc.subject.meshMotor Activity
dc.subject.meshPain Measurement
dc.subject.meshSelf Report
dc.subject.meshStatistics as Topic
dc.titleActivity Pattern Profiles: Relationship With Affect, Daily Functioning, Impairment, and Variables Related to Life Goals.
dc.typeresearch article
dc.rights.accessRightsopen access
dc.journal.titleThe journal of pain
dc.journal.titleabbreviationJ Pain
dc.organizationCosta del Sol
dc.pubmedtypeJournal Article
dc.pubmedtypeResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Appears in Collections:Producción 2020

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