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Title: Vasculogenic mimicry signaling revisited: focus on non-vascular VE-cadherin.
Authors: Delgado-Bellido, Daniel
Serrano-Saenz, Santiago
Fernández-Cortés, Mónica
Oliver, F Javier
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Animals
Endothelial Cells
Endothelium, Vascular
Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
Neovascularization, Pathologic
Signal Transduction
Tumor Microenvironment
Issue Date: 21-Mar-2017
Abstract: Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) is a blood supply system independent of endothelial vessels in tumor cells from different origins. It reflects the plasticity of aggressive tumor cells that express vascular cell markers and line tumor vasculature. The presence of VM is associated with a high tumor grade, short survival, invasion and metastasis. Endothelial cells (ECs) express various members of the cadherin superfamily, in particular vascular endothelial (VE-) cadherin, which is the main adhesion receptor of endothelial adherent junctions. Aberrant extra-vascular expression of VE-cadherin has been observed in certain cancer types associated with VM. In this review we focus on non-endothelial VE-cadherin as a prominent factor involved in the acquisition of tubules-like structures by aggressive tumor cells and we summarize the specific signaling pathways, the association with trans-differentiation and stem-like phenotype and the therapeutic opportunities derived from the in-depth knowledge of the peculiarities of the biology of VE-cadherin and other key components of VM.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1186/s12943-017-0631-x
Appears in Collections:Producción 2020

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