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Title: Adherence to nutrition-based cancer prevention guidelines and breast, prostate and colorectal cancer risk in the MCC-Spain case-control study.
Authors: Romaguera, Dora
Gracia-Lavedan, Esther
Molinuevo, Amaia
de Batlle, Jordi
Mendez, Michelle
Moreno, Victor
Vidal, Carmen
Castelló, Adela
Pérez-Gómez, Beatriz
Martín, Vicente
Molina, Antonio J
Dávila-Batista, Verónica
Dierssen-Sotos, Trinidad
Gómez-Acebo, Inés
Llorca, Javier
Guevara, Marcela
Castilla, Jesús
Urtiaga, Carmen
Llorens-Ivorra, Cristóbal
Fernández-Tardón, Guillermo
Tardón, Adonina
Lorca, José Andrés
Marcos-Gragera, Rafael
Huerta, José María
Olmedo-Requena, Rocío
Jimenez-Moleon, José Juan
Altzibar, Jone
de Sanjosé, Silvia
Pollán, Marina
Aragonés, Núria
Castaño-Vinyals, Gemma
Kogevinas, Manolis
Amiano, Pilar
Keywords: breast cancer;case-control study;colorectal cancer;nutrition-based guidelines;prostate cancer
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Breast Neoplasms
Colorectal Neoplasms
Life Style
Nutrition Therapy
Prostatic Neoplasms
Risk Factors
Issue Date: 21-Apr-2017
Abstract: Prostate, breast and colorectal cancer are the most common tumours in Spain. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between adherence to nutrition-based guidelines for cancer prevention and prostate, breast and colorectal cancer, in the MCC-Spain case-control study. A total of 1,718 colorectal, 1,343 breast and 864 prostate cancer cases and 3,431 population-based controls recruited between 2007 and 2012, were included in the present study. The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRC/AICR) score based on six recommendations for cancer prevention (on body fatness, physical activity, foods and drinks that promote weight gain, plant foods, animal foods and alcoholic drinks; score range 0-6) was constructed. We used unconditional logistic regression analysis adjusting for potential confounders. One-point increment in the WCRF/AICR score was associated with 25% (95% CI 19-30%) lower risk of colorectal, and 15% (95% CI 7-22%) lower risk of breast cancer; no association with prostate cancer was detected, except for cases with a Gleason score ≥7 (poorly differentiated/undifferentiated tumours) (OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.76-0.99). These results add to the wealth of evidence indicating that a great proportion of common cancer cases could be avoided by adopting healthy lifestyle habits.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1002/ijc.30722
Appears in Collections:Producción 2020

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