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Title: Clinical efficacy of ceftazidime/avibactam versus other active agents for the treatment of bacteremia due to carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in hematologic patients.
Authors: Castón, Juan J
Lacort-Peralta, Isabel
Martín-Dávila, Pilar
Loeches, Belén
Tabares, Salvador
Temkin, Liz
Torre-Cisneros, Julián
Paño-Pardo, José R
Keywords: Bloodstream infections;Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae;Ceftazidime-avibactam
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Anti-Bacterial Agents
Azabicyclo Compounds
Bacterial Proteins
Cohort Studies
Drug Therapy, Combination
Enterobacteriaceae Infections
Hematologic Neoplasms
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
Issue Date: 6-Apr-2017
Abstract: The primary objective was to describe clinical features, treatment and outcomes in patients with carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) bacteremia. Additionally, patients treated with ceftazidime/avibactam (study group) were compared to the rest of the patients (comparator group) to determine the influence of the treatment in both crude mortality and clinical cure. Multicenter and retrospective study that included patients with hematologic malignancies who had CPE bacteremia. A bivariate analysis was performed to compare the clinical variables between the study group and the control group. 31 patients were included. Bacteremia was considered primary in 14 (45%) patients. Overall crude mortality at 30days was 45.2% (n=14). Mortality was more frequent when septic shock (78.6% vs 11.8%; p>0.001) and higher Pitt score (6+14 vs 1.5+4; p0.001) and higher Pitt score (6+14 vs 1.5+4; p CPE bacteremia is associated with high mortality in patients with hematologic malignancies. Ceftazidime/avibactam may be an effective alternative for treating these patients.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2017.03.021
Appears in Collections:Producción 2020

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