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Title: Etiological and Resistance Profile of Bacteria Involved in Urinary Tract Infections in Young Children.
Authors: Sorlózano-Puerto, Antonio
Gómez-Luque, José María
Luna-Del-Castillo, Juan de Dios
Navarro-Marí, José María
Gutiérrez-Fernández, José
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Anti-Bacterial Agents
Child, Preschool
Drug Resistance, Bacterial
Urinary Tract Infections
Issue Date: 11-Apr-2017
Abstract: Background. The objective of this study was to identify the bacteria most frequently responsible for urinary tract infection (UTI) in the population of under-2-year-olds in our geographic area and to evaluate the activity of antibiotics widely used for UTI treatment during a 4-year study period. Materials and Methods. A retrospective analysis was conducted of data on the identification and susceptibility of microorganisms isolated in urine samples from children under 2 years of age. Results. A total of 1,045 uropathogens were isolated. Escherichia coli accounted for the majority (60.3%) of these, followed by Enterococcus faecalis (22.4%) and Klebsiella spp. (6.5%). The highest E. coli susceptibility rates (>90%) were to piperacillin-tazobactam, cefuroxime, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, imipenem, gentamicin, nitrofurantoin, and fosfomycin, and the lowest were to amoxicillin-clavulanic acid and cotrimoxazole. Among all bacteria isolated, we highlight the overall high activity of piperacillin-tazobactam, imipenem, nitrofurantoin, and fosfomycin against both community and hospital isolates and the reduced activity of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, cephalosporins, gentamicin, and cotrimoxazole. There was no significant change in the total activity of any of the studied antibiotics over the 4-year study period. Conclusion. Empiric treatment with amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, cotrimoxazole, cephalosporins, and gentamicin may be inadequate due to their limited activity against uropathogens in our setting.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1155/2017/4909452
Appears in Collections:Producción 2020

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