Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Comparison of the in vitro activity of ampicillin and moxifloxacin against Listeria monocytogenes at achievable concentrations in the central nervous system.
Authors: Pupo, Inmaculada
Lepe, Jose A
Smani, Younes
Aznar, Javier
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: A549 Cells
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Central Nervous System
Computer Simulation
Listeria monocytogenes
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Monte Carlo Method
Issue Date: 9-Jun-2017
Abstract: The aim of this study was to compare the in vitro activity of ampicillin and moxifloxacin against six isolates selected from 154 invasive clinical isolates of Listeria monocytogenes and evaluate their intra- and extracellular activities with achievable central nervous system concentrations obtained using Monte Carlo simulations with conventional and unconventional dosages. The MICs and minimal bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) of ampicillin and moxifloxacin were determined by using the broth microdilution method. The intra- and extracellular activities were compared using time-kill curves and inhibition of intracellular growth assays. The MICs50/90 of ampicillin were 0.125/0.5 mg l-1 and the MBC50/90 was ≥16 mg l-1, while the moxifloxacin MICs50/90 were 0.25/0.5 mg l-1 and the MBC50/90 was 0.5 mg l-1. Ampicillin did not show any extracellular bactericidal activity at 24 h, although bactericidal activity was detected at 48 h. For moxifloxacin, the bactericidal effect was evident after 6 h of incubation. Both antibiotics achieved significant reductions in intracellular inoculum after 1-24 h of incubation; however, moxifloxacin becomes bactericidal more rapidly, producing a much greater reduction in the inoculum in the first hour than ampicillin. There were no differences among the MIC and MBC values of moxifloxacin and ampicillin among the strains belonging to different serotypes and/or epidemic clones. This fact was also found in the intra- and extracellular studies. The results of this study demonstrated the faster bactericidal activity of moxifloxacin at achievable central nervous system concentrations against intra- and extracellular forms of L. monocytogenes in comparison with ampicillin.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1099/jmm.0.000486
Appears in Collections:Producción 2020

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

This item is protected by original copyright

Except where otherwise noted, Items on the Andalusian Health Repository site are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License.