Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10668/1537
Title: Diferencias de género en la percepción del logro profesional en especialistas de medicina familiar y comunitaria
Gender differences in the perception of professional achievement in family medicine, Spain
Authors: Saletti-Cuesta, Lorena
Delgado, Ana
Ortiz-Gómez, Teresa
López-Fernández, Luis Andrés
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Saletti-Cuesta,L; Delgado,A; López- Fernández,LA] Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública, Granada, España. [Ortiz- Gómez,T] Departamento de Historia de la ciencia y Anatomía Patológica. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Granada, Granada, España.
Keywords: Sexism;Gender;Career;Achievement;Physicians,primary care;Sexismo;Género;Carrera;Éxito;Médicos de atención primaria
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms::Motivation::Achievement
Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adult
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Health Care Quality, Access, and Evaluation::Quality of Health Care::Epidemiologic Factors::Age Factors
Medical Subject Headings::Disciplines and Occupations::Health Occupations::Medicine::General Practice::Family Practice
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Female
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Epidemiologic Methods::Data Collection::Interviews as Topic::Focus Groups
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates::Mammals::Primates::Haplorhini::Catarrhini::Hominidae::Humans
Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms::Psychology, Social::Interpersonal Relations
Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Psychological Phenomena and Processes::Psychology, Applied::Psychology, Industrial::Job Satisfaction
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Male
Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adult::Middle Aged
Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Psychological Phenomena and Processes::Mental Processes::Perception
Medical Subject Headings::Disciplines and Occupations::Education::Educational Measurement::Professional Competence
Medical Subject Headings::Disciplines and Occupations::Natural Science Disciplines::Science::Research::Empirical Research::Qualitative Research
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Health Care Quality, Access, and Evaluation::Quality of Health Care::Epidemiologic Factors::Sex Factors
Medical Subject Headings::Geographicals::Geographic Locations::Europe::Spain
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo
Citation: Saletti-Cuesta L, Delgado A, Ortiz-Gómez T, López-Fernández LA. Diferencias de género en la percepción del logro profesional en especialistas de medicina familiar y comunitaria. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica. 2013; 87(3):221-38
Abstract: BACKGROUND The concept of achievement is important to study the professional development. In medicine there are gender inequalities in career. The purpose was to know and compare the professional achievement's perceptions and attributions of female and male primary care physicians in Andalusia. METHOD Qualitative study with 12 focus groups (October 2009 to November 2010). POPULATION primary care physicians. SAMPLE intentionally segmented by age, sex and health care management. Were conducted by sex: two groups with young physicians, two groups with middle aged and two with health care management. TOTAL: 32 female physician and 33 male physicians. Qualitative content analysis with Nuddist Vivo. RESULTS Female and male physicians agree to perceive internal achievements and to consider aspects inherent to the profession as external achievements. The most important difference is that female physician related professional achievement with affective bond and male physician with institutional merit. Internal attributions are more important for female physician who also highlight the importance of family, the organization of working time and work-family balance. Patients, continuing education, institutional resources and computer system are the most important attributions for male physician. CONCLUSIONS There are similarities and differences between female and male physicians both in the understanding and the attributions of achievement. The differences are explained by the gender system. The perception of achievement of the female physicians questions the dominant professional culture and incorporates new values in defining achievement. The attributions reflect the unequal impact of family and organizational variables and suggest that the female physicians would be changing gender socialization.
metadata.dc.description.otherabstracts: Fundamentos: El concepto de logro es clave para estudiar el desarrollo profesional. En medicina existen desigualdades de género en la carrera profesional. El objetivo fue conocer y comparar la percepción de resultados y atribuciones de logro en médicas y médicos de familia de Andalucía. Método: Estudio cualitativo con 12 grupos de discusión. Población: médicas y médicos de familia que trabajan en atención primaria. Muestra: intencional segmentada por edad, sexo y ocupación de la dirección del centro de salud. Realizamos por sexo: dos grupos de jóvenes, dos grupos de mayores y dos de directores/as; total 32 médicas y 33 médicos. Análisis de contenido. Resultados: Médicas y médicos perciben de igual modo los logros internos y coinciden en considerar como logros externos aspectos inherentes a la profesión. La diferencia más importante es que las médicas relacionan el logro con los vínculos afectivos y los médicos con méritos institucionales. Para las médicas las atribuciones internas son más importantes y destacan la importancia de la familia, la organización de la jornada laboral y el balance familia-trabajo. Para los médicos las atribuciones más importantes son sus pacientes, la formación continuada, los recursos disponibles y el sistema informático. Conclusiones: Existen similitudes y diferencias entre médicas y médicos en la percepción de logro. Las diferencias se explican por el sistema de género. La percepción de logro de las médicas cuestiona la cultura profesional e incorpora nuevos valores. Las atribuciones reflejan el impacto desigual de variables familiares y organizacionales y apunta a que las médicas estarían modificando rasgos de la socialización de género
Description: English Abstract; Journal Article;
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10668/1537
metadata.dc.relation.publisherversion: http://www.msssi.gob.es/biblioPublic/publicaciones/recursos_propios/resp/revista_cdrom/vol87/vol87_3/RS873C_221.pdf
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.4321/S1135-57272013000300002
ISSN: 1135-5727 (Print)
2173-9110 (Online)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - EASP. Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Saletti-Cuesta_ GenderDifference.pdf196,81 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


This item is protected by original copyright



Except where otherwise noted, Items on the Andalusian Health Repository site are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License.