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Título : Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and healing of hip fracture in Alzheimer's disease patients: a retrospective cohort study.
Autor : Eimar, H.
Perez Lara, A.
Tamimi, I.
Márquez Sánchez, P.
Gormaz Talavera, I.
Rojas Tomba, F.
García de la Oliva, T.
Tamimi, F.
Filiación: [Eimar,H; Tamimi,F] Faculty of Dentistry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. [Perez Lara,A; Márquez Sánchez,P] Radiology Department, Hospital Regional Universitario Carlos Haya, Malaga, Spain. [Tamimi,I; Gormaz Talavera,I; Rojas Tomba,F; García de la Oliva,T] Traumatology and Orthopedic Surgery Department, Hospital Regional Universitario Carlos Haya, Malaga, Spain. [Perez Lara,A] Hospital Punta de Europa, Algeciras, Cádiz, Spain.
Palabras clave : Fracture Healing
Acetylcholinesterasa Inhibitors
Parasympathetic Nervous System
Enfermedad de Alzheimer
Fracturas de cadera
Estudios retrospectivos
MeSH: Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Biological Phenomena::Biological Processes::Regeneration::Wound Healing::Fracture Healing
Medical Subject Headings::Anatomy::Musculoskeletal System::Skeleton::Bone and Bones
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Organic Chemicals::Amines::Biogenic Amines::Acetylcholine
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Nervous System Diseases::Neurodegenerative Diseases::Tauopathies::Alzheimer Disease
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Wounds and Injuries::Fractures, Bone::Hip Fractures
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Health Care Quality, Access, and Evaluation::Quality of Health Care::Health Care Evaluation Mechanisms::Epidemiologic Study Characteristics as Topic::Epidemiologic Studies::Cohort Studies::Retrospective Studies
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Female
Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adult::Aged
Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adult::Aged::Aged, 80 and over
Fecha de publicación : Dec-2013
Editorial : International Society of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions
Cita Bibliográfica: Eimar H, Perez Lara A, Tamimi I, Márquez Sánchez P, Gormaz Talavera I, Rojas Tomba F, et al. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and healing of hip fracture in Alzheimer's disease patients: a retrospective cohort study. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2013; 13(4):454-63
Abstract: OBJECTIVES This study was designed to assess effects of cholinergic stimulation using acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs), a group of drugs that stimulate cholinergic receptors and are used to treat Alzheimer's disease (AD), on healing of hip fractures. METHODS A retrospective cohort study was performed using 46-female AD patients, aged above 75 years, who sustained hip fractures. Study analyses included the first 6-months after hip fracture fixation procedure. Presence of AChEIs was used as predictor variable. Other variables that could affect study outcomes: age, body mass index (BMI), mental state or type of hip fracture, were also included. Radiographic union at fracture site (Hammer index), bone quality (Singh index) and fracture healing complications were recorded as study outcomes. The collected data was analyzed by student's-t, Mann-Whitney-U and chi-square tests. RESULTS No significant differences in age, BMI, mental state or type of hip fracture were observed between AChEIs-users and nonusers. However, AChEIs-users had better radiographic union at the fracture site (relative risk (RR),2.7; 95%confidence interval (CI),0.9-7.8), better bone quality (RR,2.0; 95%CI,1.2-3.3) and fewer healing complications (RR,0.8; 95%CI,0.7-1.0) than nonusers. CONCLUSION In elderly female patients with AD, the use of AChEIs might be associated with an enhanced fracture healing and minimized complications.
Descripción : Journal Article;
Versión del editor :
ISSN : 1108-7161 (Print)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - AGS Campo de Gibraltar
01- Artículos - Hospital Regional de Málaga

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