Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10668/1638
Title: Efectividad de una estrategia de intervención preventiva, basada en entrevistas telefónicas estructuradas, en una población laboral con riesgo cardiovascular moderado/alto.
Effectiveness of a preventive intervention strategy based on structured telephone interviews in a working population with a moderate to high cardiovascular risk
Authors: Cabrera Sierra, Martha
Calvo Bonacho, Eva
García García, Ángel
Ruiz Moraga, Montserrat
Sáinz Gutiérrez, Juan Carlos
Chama Barrientos, Antonio
Sánchez-Chaparro, Miguel Ángel
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Cabrera Sierra,M; Calvo Bonacho,E; García García,A; Ruiz Moraga,M; Sáinz Gutiérrez,JC; Chama Barrientos,A; Sánchez-Chaparro,MI] Ibermutuamur, Mutua de Accidentes de Trabajo y Enfermedades Profesionales de la Seguridad Social nº. 274, Madrid, España. [Sánchez-Chaparro,MI] Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Victoria, Málaga, España.
Keywords: Cardiovascular risk;Telephone survey;Lifestyle;Preventive medicine;Occupational medicine;Primary care;Riesgo cardiovascular;Encuesta telefónica;Estilos de vida;Medicina preventiva;Medicina del trabajo;Atención primaria
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Cardiovascular Diseases
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Female
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates::Mammals::Primates::Haplorhini::Catarrhini::Hominidae::Humans
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Epidemiologic Methods::Data Collection::Interviews as Topic
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Male
Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adult::Middle Aged
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Population Characteristics::Health::Occupational Health
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Health Care Facilities, Manpower, and Services::Health Services::Preventive Health Services::Primary Prevention
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Health Care Quality, Access, and Evaluation::Quality of Health Care::Epidemiologic Factors::Causality::Risk Factors
Medical Subject Headings::Information Science::Information Science::Communications Media::Telecommunications::Telephone
Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adult
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Publisher: Elsevier España (Elsevier Doyma)
Citation: Sierra MC, Bonacho EC, García ÁG, Moraga MR, Gutiérrez JC, Barrientos AC, et al. Efectividad de una estrategia de intervención preventiva, basada en entrevistas telefónicas estructuradas, en una población laboral con riesgo cardiovascular moderado/alto. Aten Primaria. 2010; 42(10):498-505
Abstract: OBJECTIVE This study assesses the effectiveness of a structured telephone survey on cardiovascular prevention, in modifying lifestyle, on cardiovascular risk parameters, percentage of smoking cessation and overall cardiovascular risk (CVR). DESIGN Quasi-experimental study of preventive intervention. SETTING Ibermutuamur (Spanish Accident and Health Insurance Company). Centres established throughout Spain. PARTICIPANTS A total of 4,792 workers with moderate/high cardiovascular risk who had agreed to be contacted by phone. Subjects with a previous diagnosis of cardiovascular disease and those receiving treatment for hypertension, hypercholesterolemia or diabetes were excluded. INTERVENTION A final total of 3,085 workers were contacted and were followed up by telephone surveys on the first, fourth and eighth month after the initial check up (CU) in order to emphasise cardiovascular health advice (Group A); we failed to contact 1,707 workers, who only attended the baseline and one year CUs (Group B). PRINCIPAL OUTCOMES: CUs included medical records and physical examination, with two blood pressure measurements, Body Mass Index (BMI), and biochemical parameters. Cardiovascular risk was stratified following the European cardiovascular SCORE. Individuals with a relative risk higher than 4 were also considered as high-risk. All workers were informed about their cardiovascular risk profile (CVRF) and healthy cardiovascular lifestyle measures. They were also given a letter for their General Practitioner (GP) to inform them on the worker's cardiovascular risk level. RESULTS A total of 71.5% of the workers were over 45 years, 95.0% males, 76.6% manual workers ("Blue Collar") and 69.7% smokers. Both groups showed improvement in lipid parameters, blood pressure, smoking cessation and overall cardiovascular risk in the second CU. There were significant differences in favour of Group A as regards blood pressure, lipids (except HDL cholesterol), BMI, glycaemia, smoking cessation (A: 23.5%/B: 19.44%, P=0.001) and CVR stratum improvement (A: 46.6%/B: 37.7%, P=0.0001). The large majority (85%) of workers read preventive recommendations; 33% knew their risk level and 73% knew their CVRF. 52.9% gave the letter to the GP, which led them to start therapies on diet (47%), hypertension (19.5%), dyslipidaemia (16.7%), diabetes (4.4%) and smoking (2.9%) and no changes were made in 36.5% of cases. CONCLUSIONS The results of this study suggests that cardiovascular prevention strategy based on structured telephone surveys on high/moderate CVR subjects to promote lifestyle changes could be effective at reducing CVR. A clinical trial is required for confirmation. Sending information on CVRF following routine medial CUs and Primary Care involvement, could contribute to the positive changes observed.
metadata.dc.description.otherabstracts: Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de una estrategia de intervención preventiva sobre el estilo de vida, basada en entrevistas telefónicas. Diseño: Estudio de intervención cuasiexperimental. Emplazamiento: Servicio de Prevención de Ibermutuamur (Mutua de Accidentes de Trabajo y Enfermedades Profesionales de la Seguridad Social). Participantes: 4.792 trabajadores con nivel de riesgo cardiovascular (RCV) moderado/alto en el reconocimiento médico laboral (RML) que otorgaron su consentimiento. Se excluyeron los sujetos con antecedentes de enfermedad cardiovascular o que recibían tratamiento antihipertensivo, hipolipemiante o antidiabético. Intervención: Se pudo contactar telefónicamente con 3.085 trabajadores, a los que se realizó seguimiento en los meses primero, cuarto y octavo tras el RML, enfatizando recomendaciones cardiosaludables. Al resto de trabajadores (n=1.707), solo se les realizó el RML inicial y final. Mediciones principales: El RCV se estimó según el modelo SCORE europeo. Todos los sujetos recibieron un informe, una carta dirigida a su médico de atención primaria con los factores de RCV detectados, su nivel de riesgo y recomendaciones sobre modificación del estilo de vida. Resultados: El 71,5% de los trabajadores eran mayores de 45 años, el 95,0% varones, el 76,6% trabajadores manuales y el 69,7% fumadores. Ambos grupos mostraron mejoría en los parámetros lipídicos, presión arterial, abandono del hábito tabáquico y RCV global en el segundo RML. El grupo A presentó una mayor mejoría en la presión arterial, lípidos (excepto colesterol-HDL), índice de masa corporal, glucemia, abandono del hábito tabáquico (23,5% vs 19,4%, p=0,001) y en el estrato de riesgo (46,6% vs 37,7%, p=0,0001). Un 52,9% de los trabajadores declaró haber llevado la carta informativa a su médico de Atención Primaria, que aconsejó modificar la dieta (47%), o añadir tratamiento antihipertensivo (19,5%), hipolipemiante (16,7%), antidiabético (4,4%) y antitabaco (2,9%). Conclusiones: La estrategia de intervención sobre el estilo de vida, basada en entrevistas telefónicas, en trabajadores de RCV moderado-alto, puede ser efectiva. El envío de información preventiva y la participación de Atención Primaria pueden contribuir, per se, a los cambios positivos observados.
Description: English Abstract; Journal Article;
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10668/1638
metadata.dc.relation.publisherversion: http://zl.elsevier.es/es/revista/atencion-primaria-27/resumen/efectividad-una-estrategia-intervencion-preventiva-13156084
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1016/j.aprim.2010.05.003
ISSN: 1578-1275 (Online)
0212-6567 (Print)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - Hospital Virgen de la Victoria

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