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Title: Factors Associated with Exposure to Dietary Bisphenols in Adolescents.
Authors: Robles-Aguilera, Virginia
Gálvez-Ontiveros, Yolanda
Rodrigo, Lourdes
Salcedo-Bellido, Inmaculada
Aguilera, Margarita
Zafra-Gómez, Alberto
Monteagudo, Celia
Rivas, Ana
Keywords: adolescents;bisphenol A;bisphenol S;body mass index;dietary exposure
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Adolescent
Benzhydryl Compounds
Body Mass Index
Diet Surveys
Dietary Exposure
Odds Ratio
Pediatric Obesity
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Issue Date: 5-May-2021
Abstract: Obesogenic endocrine-disrupting chemicals, such as bisphenol A (BPA) and its analogue bisphenol S (BPS), seem to play an important role in the development of obesity, although contradictory results have been reported. The aim of the present study was to conduct a gender analysis of the factors associated with exposure to dietary bisphenols in 585 Spanish adolescents. Dietary BPA and BPS exposure was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire. Foods and macronutrients accounting for more than 95% of energy intake were selected for analysis. Stepwise regression was used to estimate the foods that most contributed to dietary bisphenol exposure in the sample. Gender-related factors associated with greater dietary bisphenol exposure were evaluated using multivariate logistic regression models. Canned tuna was the main dietary source of BPA and BPS in both adolescent boys and girls. Overweight/obese girls showed a higher risk of high dietary exposure to BPA (odds ratio (OR): 3.38, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.25-9.07) and total bisphenols (OR: 2.81, 95% CI: 1.03-7.67) in comparison with girls with a BMI lower than 25 kg/m2. Present results indicate a positive association of dietary exposure to both total bisphenols and BPA with being overweight/obese in adolescent girls.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.3390/nu13051553
Appears in Collections:Producción 2020

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