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Title: Consumption of over-the-Counter Drugs: Prevalence and Type of Drugs.
Authors: Sánchez-Sánchez, Eduardo
Fernández-Cerezo, Fátima Lucía
Díaz-Jimenez, Jara
Rosety-Rodriguez, Manuel
Díaz, Antonio Jesús
Ordonez, Francisco Javier
Rosety, Miguel Ángel
Rosety, Ignacio
Keywords: OTC drugs;OTC medication;nonprescription drugs;over-the-counter medicines;self-care;self-medication
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Analgesics
Cross-Sectional Studies
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
Nonprescription Drugs
Self Medication
Issue Date: 21-May-2021
Abstract: Recently, there has been an increase in the use of over-the-counter (OTC) drugs. The consumption of these medicines can be unsafe, as incorrect self-diagnosis or the ingestion of inappropriate doses can lead to side effects and the occurrence of adverse reactions and drug-drug interactions. A cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out, targeting the entire Spanish population by using an online questionnaire. The results showed that 78.9% of the subjects had previously taken or were currently taking OTC drugs. This consumption decreased as the age of the subjects increased, with a prevalence of 36.4% of subjects aged ≥ 71 taking OTC drugs. Analgesics were the most consumed OTC drugs (49.1%) especially in women, youngsters with non-formal educational qualifications, and individuals of a low-medium socioeconomic level residing in urban areas. Measures should be implemented to optimize the safe use of OTC drugs in order to avoid the occurrence of secondary events associated with the lack of knowledge related to their the usage.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.3390/ijerph18115530
Appears in Collections:Producción 2020

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