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Title: Levels of immune cells in transcendental meditation practitioners.
Authors: Infante, Jose R
Peran, Fernando
Rayo, Juan I
Serrano, Justo
Domínguez, Maria L
Garcia, Lucia
Duran, Carmen
Roldan, Ana
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Infante,JR; RayoJI; Serrano,J; Domínguez,ML; Garcia,L; Duran,C] Nuclear Medicine Service, Infanta Cristina Hospital, Spain. [Peran,J] Biochemical Service, Virgen de las Nieves Hospital, Granada, Spain. [Roldan,A] Area Health Service, Merida, Badajoz, Spain.
Keywords: Immune system;psychoneuroimmunology;stress;transcendental meditation;Yoga;Sistema Inmunológico;Meditación;Catecolaminas;Psiconeuroinmunología;Estrés Psicológico;Hormonas Hipofisarias
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Therapeutics::Complementary Therapies::Mind-Body Therapies::Meditation
Medical Subject Headings::Anatomy::Hemic and Immune Systems::Immune System
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Organic Chemicals::Amines::Catecholamines
Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Behavioral Disciplines and Activities::Behavioral Sciences::Psychophysiology::Psychoneuroimmunology
Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms::Behavior::Behavioral Symptoms::Stress, Psychological
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins::Peptides::Peptide Hormones::Pituitary Hormones
Issue Date: Jul-2014
Publisher: Medknow Publications
Citation: Infante JR, Peran F, Rayo JI, Serrano J, Domínguez ML, Garcia L, et al. Levels of immune cells in transcendental meditation practitioners. Int J Yoga. 2014 ; 7(2):147-51
Abstract: CONTEXT Relationships between mind and body have gradually become accepted. Yogic practices cause modulation of the immune system. Transcendental meditation (TM) is a specific form of mantra meditation. We reported previously different plasma levels of catecholamines and pituitary hormones in TM practitioners comparing with a control group, and patterns of the daytime secretion of these hormones different from those normally described. AIMS The aim of the following study is to evaluate the immune system in these meditation practitioners, by determining leukocytes and lymphocytes subsets. METHODS TM group consisted of 19 subjects who regularly practice either TM or the more advanced Sidhi-TM technique. A control group consisted of 16 healthy subjects who had not previously used any relaxation technique. Total leukocytes, granulocytes, lymphocytes and monocytes were counted by an automated quantitative hematology analyzer, whereas lymphocytes subsets were determined by flow cytometry. Samples were taken from each subject at 0900 h after an overnight fast. RESULTS The results indicated that the TM group had higher values than the control group in CD3+CD4-CD8+ lymphocytes (P < 0.05), B lymphocytes (P < 0.01) and natural killer cells (P < 0.01), whereas CD3+CD4+CD8- lymphocytes showed low levels in meditation practitioners (P < 0.001). No significant differences were observed in total leukocytes, granulocytes, monocytes, total lymphocytes or CD3+ lymphocytes comparing both groups. CONCLUSIONS The technique of meditation studied seems to have a significant effect on immune cells, manifesting in the different circulating levels of lymphocyte subsets analyzed. The significant effect of TM on the neuroendocrine axis and its relationship with the immune system may partly explain our results.
Description: Journal Article;
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.4103/0973-6131.133899
ISSN: 0973-6131 (Online)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - Hospital Virgen de las Nieves

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