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Title: Are the health messages in schoolbooks based on scientific evidence? A descriptive study.
Authors: Barrio-Cantalejo, Inés M
Ayudarte-Larios, Luisa M
Hernán-García, Mariano
Simón-Lorda, Pablo
García-Gutiérrez, José Francisco
Martínez-Tapias, Jesús
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Barrio-Cantalejo,IM] Training and Research Department. Hospital of Baza, Spain.[Ayudarte-Larios,LM] Virgen de las Nieves Hospital, Granada, Spain. [Simón-Lorda,P; García-Gutiérrez,JF] Andalusian Public Health School, Granada, Spain. [Martínez-Tapias,J] Santa Ana Hospital. Motril, Granada, Spain.
Keywords: Guías como asunto;Educación en salud;Promoción de la salud;Humanos;Proyectos de investigación;Instituciones académicas;España;Libros de texto como asunto;Práctica clínica basada en la evidencia
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Health Services Administration::Quality of Health Care::Quality Assurance, Health Care::Guidelines as Topic
Medical Subject Headings::Disciplines and Occupations::Education::Education, Nonprofessional::Health Education
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Health Care Facilities, Manpower, and Services::Health Promotion
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates::Mammals::Primates::Haplorhini::Catarrhini::Hominidae::Humans
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Methods::Research Design
Medical Subject Headings::Disciplines and Occupations::Education::Schools
Medical Subject Headings::Geographicals::Geographic Locations::Europe::Spain
Medical Subject Headings::Information Science::Information Science::Communications Media::Publications::Books::Textbooks as Topic
Medical Subject Headings::Disciplines and Occupations::Health Occupations::Evidence-Based Practice
Issue Date: 26-Jan-2011
Publisher: BioMed Central
Citation: Barrio-Cantalejo IM, Ayudarte-Larios LM, Hernán-García M, Simón-Lorda P, García-Gutiérrez JF, Martínez-Tapias J. Are the health messages in schoolbooks based on scientific evidence? A descriptive study. BMC Public Health. 2011; 11(1):54
Abstract: BACKGROUND Most textbooks contains messages relating to health. This profuse information requires analysis with regards to the quality of such information. The objective was to identify the scientific evidence on which the health messages in textbooks are based. METHODS The degree of evidence on which such messages are based was identified and the messages were subsequently classified into three categories: Messages with high, medium or low levels of evidence; Messages with an unknown level of evidence; and Messages with no known evidence. RESULTS 844 messages were studied. Of this total, 61% were classified as messages with an unknown level of evidence. Less than 15% fell into the category where the level of evidence was known and less than 6% were classified as possessing high levels of evidence. More than 70% of the messages relating to "Balanced Diets and Malnutrition", "Food Hygiene", "Tobacco", "Sexual behaviour and AIDS" and "Rest and ergonomics" are based on an unknown level of evidence. "Oral health" registered the highest percentage of messages based on a high level of evidence (37.5%), followed by "Pregnancy and newly born infants" (35%). Of the total, 24.6% are not based on any known evidence. Two of the messages appeared to contravene known evidence. CONCLUSION Many of the messages included in school textbooks are not based on scientific evidence. Standards must be established to facilitate the production of texts that include messages that are based on the best available evidence and which can improve children's health more effectively.
Description: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't;
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-54
ISSN: 1471-2458 (Online)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - AGS Nordeste de Granada
01- Artículos - AGS Sur de Granada
01- Artículos - EASP. Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública
01- Artículos - Hospital Virgen de las Nieves

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