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Title: Cutaneous leishmaniasis mimicking a pyogenic granuloma.
Authors: Alcántara Luna, Sara
Peral Rubio, Francisco
Perea Cejudo, Manuel
Rios Martín, Juan José
Ferrándiz Pulido, Lara
Camacho-Martinez, Francisco
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Alcántara Luna,S; Peral Rubio,F; Perea Cejudo,M; Ferrándiz Pulido,L; Camacho-Martinez,F] Unidad de Gestión de Dermatología, Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena, Sevilla, Spain. [Rios Martín,JJ] Pathology, Units. Hospital Virgen Macarena, Sevilla, Spain.
Keywords: Leishmania;Síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida;Coinfección;Granuloma piogénico;Leishmaniasis cutánea
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Virus Diseases::RNA Virus Infections::Retroviridae Infections::Lentivirus Infections::HIV Infections::Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Chemical Actions and Uses::Specialty Uses of Chemicals::Adhesives
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Bacterial Infections and Mycoses::Infection::Coinfection
Medical Subject Headings::Geographicals::Geographic Locations::Europe
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Female
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms::Pathologic Processes::Granuloma::Granuloma, Pyogenic
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates::Mammals::Primates::Haplorhini::Catarrhini::Hominidae::Humans
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Therapeutics::Biological Therapy::Immunomodulation::Immunotherapy::Immunosuppression
Medical Subject Headings::Information Science::Information Science::Data Collection::Vital Statistics::Morbidity::Incidence
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Euglenozoa::Kinetoplastida::Trypanosomatina::Leishmania
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Parasitic Diseases::Protozoan Infections::Euglenozoa Infections::Leishmaniasis::Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Equipment and Supplies::Needles
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Invertebrates::Arthropods::Insects::Diptera::Psychodidae
Medical Subject Headings::Geographicals::Geographic Locations::Europe::Spain
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms::Pathologic Processes::Ulcer
Medical Subject Headings::Geographicals::Geographic Locations::Americas::North America::United States
Issue Date: Mar-2015
Publisher: Society for Publication of Acta Dermato-Venereologica
Citation: Luna SA, Rubio FP, Cejudo MP, Rios Martín JJ, Pulido LF, Camacho-Martinez F. Cutaneous leishmaniasis mimicking a pyogenic granuloma. Acta Derm. Venereol.. 2015 ; 95(3):357-8
Abstract: The Leishmania genus is formed by parasitic protozoa which are transmitted by the bite of infected female sand flies. Cases of sexual, vertical or transfusional transmission or via infected needles have also been described. In humans, 4 forms of this disease have been described: localised cutaneous (LC), diffuse cutaneous, mucocutaneous and visceral (1). LC counts for 50–75% of all cases (2), it is the mildest form of the disease and can be caused by any species of Leishmania. In Spain, the most frequent form is the oriental sore caused by L. infantum (2). Most cases resolve spontaneously within one year. In United States and Europe, the incidence is increasing due to tourism and co-infection with HIV. The morphological spectrum of LC is very wide; multiple forms of clinical presentation have been described, although the most characteristic one is the nodular ulcerative lesion, characterised by painless crater-like ulcers with a necrotic base and covered by an adhesive crust. The main complication of LC is its progression in some strains towards the other 3 forms of the disease (3). In patients with AIDS and other diseases associated with immunosuppression the risk of dissemination is much higher than in the immunocompetent. We present a case of LC with clinical and histopathological features similar to a pyogenic granuloma.
Description: Case report
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.2340/00015555-1910
ISSN: 1651-2057 (Online)
0001-5555 (Print)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - Hospital Virgen Macarena

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