Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10668/238
Title: Sociodemographic and occupational risk factors associated with the development of different burnout types: the cross-sectional University of Zaragoza study
Authors: Montero Marín, Jesús
García Campayo, Javier
Fajó Pascual, Marta
Carrasco, José Miguel
Gascón, Santiago
Gili, Margarita
Mayoral Cleries, Fermin
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Montero Marín,J; García Campayo,J]Departamento de Psiquiatria. Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain. [Montero Marín,M; Fajó Pascual,M] Faculty of Health and Sports. University of Zaragoza, Huesca, Spain. [Carrasco,JM] Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud (Aragon Health Sciences Institute), Zaragoza, Spain. [Gascón,S] Department of Psychology and Sociology. University of Zaragoza, Teruel, Spain. [Gili,M] Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Ciències de la Salut (IUNICS). University of Balearic Islands, Spain. [Mayoral Cleries,F] Hospital Regional Universitario de Málaga, Malaga, España. [García Campayo,J] Psychiatry Service. Miguel Servet Hospital. Zaragoza, Spain.
metadata.dc.contributor.group: REDIAPP "Red de Investigación en Actividades Preventivas y Promoción de la Salud" RD06/0018/0017, Research Network on Preventative Activities and Health Promotion
Keywords: burnout;subtypes;University;BCSQ-36
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Psychological Phenomena and Processes::Psychophysiology::Stress, Psychological::Burnout, Professional
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Epidemiologic Methods::Epidemiologic Study Characteristics as Topic::Epidemiologic Studies::Cross-Sectional Studies
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Population Characteristics::Socioeconomic Factors::Employment::Employment, Supported
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates::Mammals::Primates::Haplorhini::Catarrhini::Hominidae::Humans
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Epidemiologic Methods::Statistics as Topic::Models, Statistical::Logistic Models
Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adult::Middle Aged
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Epidemiologic Methods::Statistics as Topic::Probability::Odds Ratio
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Epidemiologic Methods::Data Collection::Questionnaires
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Epidemiologic Methods::Statistics as Topic::Probability::Risk::Risk Factors
Medical Subject Headings::Anthropology, Education, Sociology and Social Phenomena::Social Sciences::Sociology::Socioeconomic Factors
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: BioMed Central
Citation: Montero Marin J, García Campayo J, Fajó Pascual M, Carrasco JM, Gascón S, Gili M et al. Sociodemographic and occupational risk factors associated with the development of different burnout types: the cross-sectional University of Zaragoza study. BMC Psychiatry 2011 Mar 29;11:49. doi:10.1186/1471-244X-11-49.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Three different burnout types have been described: The "frenetic" type describes involved and ambitious subjects who sacrifice their health and personal lives for their jobs; the "underchallenged" type describes indifferent and bored workers who fail to find personal development in their jobs, and the "worn-out" in type describes neglectful subjects who feel they have little control over results and whose efforts go unacknowledged. The study aimed to describe the possible associations between burnout types and general sociodemographic and occupational characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on a multi-occupational sample of randomly selected university employees (n = 409). The presence of burnout types was assessed by means of the "Burnout Clinical Subtype Questionnaire (BCSQ-36)", and the degree of association between variables was assessed using an adjusted odds ratio (OR) obtained from multivariate logistic regression models. RESULTS: Individuals working more than 40 hours per week presented with the greatest risk for "frenetic" burnout compared to those working fewer than 35 hours (adjusted OR = 5.69; 95% CI = 2.52-12.82; p < 0.001). Administration and service personnel presented the greatest risk of "underchallenged" burnout compared to teaching and research staff (adjusted OR = 2.85; 95% CI = 1.16-7.01; p = 0.023). Employees with more than sixteen years of service in the organisation presented the greatest risk of "worn-out" burnout compared to those with less than four years of service (adjusted OR = 4.56; 95% CI = 1.47-14.16; p = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to our knowledge that suggests the existence of associations between the different burnout subtypes (classified according to the degree of dedication to work) and the different sociodemographic and occupational characteristics that are congruent with the definition of each of the subtypes. These results are consistent with the clinical profile definitions of burnout syndrome. In addition, they assist the recognition of distinct profiles and reinforce the idea of differential characterisation of the syndrome for more effective treatment.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10668/238
metadata.dc.relation.publisherversion: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/11/49
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-11-49
ISSN: 1471-244X (Online)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - Hospital Regional de Málaga

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