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Title: Influence of HLA class I, HLA class II and KIRs on vertical transmission and chronicity of hepatitis C virus in children.
Authors: Ruiz-Extremera, A
Pavón-Castillero, E J
Florido, M
Muñoz de Rueda, P
Muñoz-Gámez, J A
Casado, J
Carazo, A
Quiles, R
Jiménez-Ruiz, S M
Gila, A
Luna, J D
León, J
Salmerón, J
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Ruiz-Extremera,A] Paediatric Unit, San Cecilio University Hospital and Virgen de las Nieves University Hospital, Granada, Spain. Paediatric Department, Granada University, Granada, Spain. [Ruiz-Extremera,A; Muñoz de Rueda,P; Quiles,R; Gila,A; León,J; Salmerón,J] CIBER for Liver and Digestive Disease (CIBERehd), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spain. [Ruiz-Extremera,A; Pavón-Castillero,EJ; Muñoz de Rueda,P; Muñoz-Gámez,JA; Casado,J; Carazo,A; Quiles,R; León,J; Gila,A; Luna,JD; León,J; Salmerón,J] Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada, Spain. [Pavón-Castillero,EJ; Florido,M; Muñoz de Rueda,P ; Muñoz-Gámez,JA; Casado,J; Carazo,A; Quiles,A; Jiménez-Ruiz,SM; Gila,A; León,J; Salmerón,J] Clinical Management Unit of Digestive Diseases, Research Unit, San Cecilio University Hospital, Granada, Spain. [Jiménez-Ruiz,SM; Salmerón,J] Medicine Department, Granada University, Granada, Spain. [Luna,D] Biostatistic Department, Granada University, Granada, Spain.
Keywords: Alelos;Niño;Antígenos HLA-B;Hepatitis C;Humanos;Inmunogenética;Células asesinas naturales;Madres;ARN;Receptores KIR;Linfocitos T;Carga viral
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Genetic Phenomena::Genetic Structures::Genome::Genome Components::Genes::Alleles
Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Child
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins::Proteins::Glycoproteins::Membrane Glycoproteins::Histocompatibility Antigens Class I::HLA-B Antigens
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Virus Diseases::Hepatitis, Viral, Human::Hepatitis C
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates::Mammals::Primates::Haplorhini::Catarrhini::Hominidae::Humans
Medical Subject Headings::Disciplines and Occupations::Natural Science Disciplines::Biological Science Disciplines::Biology::Genetics::Immunogenetics
Medical Subject Headings::Anatomy::Cells::Blood Cells::Leukocytes::Leukocytes, Mononuclear::Lymphocytes::Killer Cells, Natural
Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Parents::Mothers
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, and Nucleosides::Nucleic Acids::RNA
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins::Proteins::Membrane Proteins::Receptors, Cell Surface::Receptors, Immunologic::Receptors, Natural Killer Cell::Receptors, KIR
Medical Subject Headings::Anatomy::Cells::Blood Cells::Leukocytes::Leukocytes, Mononuclear::Lymphocytes::T-Lymphocytes
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Diagnosis::Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures::Clinical Laboratory Techniques::Microbiological Techniques::Viral Load
Issue Date: 22-Feb-2017
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: Ruiz-Extremera A, Pavón-Castillero EJ, Florido M, Muñoz de Rueda P, Muñoz-Gámez JA, Casado J, et al. Influence of HLA class I, HLA class II and KIRs on vertical transmission and chronicity of hepatitis C virus in children. PLoS ONE. 2017; 12(2):e0172527
Abstract: BACKGROUND & AIM There is evidence that maternal viral load of HCV during delivery influences the risk for Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), but this does not explain all cases. We study the role of the immunogenetic profile (HLA, KIRs and KIR-ligand binding) of mothers and children in HCV-MTCT and in chronicity in the children. METHODOLOGY 79 HCV-RNA (+) mothers and their 98 children were included. 24 children were infected, becoming chronic in 8 cases and clearing in 16. HLA-class-I and II and KIRs were determined by Luminex. RESULTS MTCT study: The presence of HLA-C1-ligand in mothers and/or their children reduces the risk of transmission (mothers: Pc = 0.011, children: P = 0.033), whereas the presence of HLA-C2C2-ligand in mothers increases it (Pc = 0.011). In children KIR2DL3-HLA-C1 is a protector factor (Pc = 0.011). Chronicity in children study: Maternal DQA1*01 allele (Pc = 0.027), KIR2DS1 (Pc = 0.011) or KIR3DS1 (Pc = 0.011) favours chronicity in the child. The presence of the DQB1*03 allele (Pc = 0.027) and KIR2DS3 (P = 0.056) in the child and homozygosity for KIR3DL1/3DL1 (Pc = 0.011) and for the HLA-Bw4/Bw4 ligand (P = 0.027) is associated with viral clearance, whereas the presence of HLA-Bw6 ligand (P = 0.027), the binding of KIR3DS1-HLA-Bw4 (P = 0.037) and heterozygosity for KIR3DL1/3DS1 (Pc = 0.011) favour viral chronicity. Mother/child allele matching: In the joint HLA analysis, matching was greater between mothers and children with chronic infection vs those who had cleared the virus (67%±4.1 vs 57%±1.2, P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS The HLA-C1 ligand in the mother is related to MTCT, while several genetic factors of the mother or child are involved in the chronification or clearance of infection in the child. Matching allelic data is considered to be an indicator of HCV chronicity in the child and can be used as a potential prognostic test. This implies that NK cells may play a previously undocumented role in protecting against MTCT and that both NK cell immunity and adaptive T-cell responses may influence viral clearance in infected children.
Description: Journal Article;
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172527
ISSN: 1932-6203 (Online)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Granada
01- Artículos - ibsGRANADA. Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada

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