Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10668/270
Title: Identifying pesticide use patterns among flower growers to assess occupational exposure to mixtures
Authors: Schilmann, Astrid
Lacasaña, Marina
Blanco-Muñoz, Julia
Aguilar-Garduño, Clemente
Salinas-Rodríguez, Aarón
Flores-Aldana, Mario
Cebrián, Mariano E.
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Schilmann, A; Blanco-Muñoz, J; Salinas-Rodriguez, A; Flores-Aldana, M] National Institute of Public Health, Mexico. [Lacasaña, M; Aguilar-Garduño, C] Andalusian School of Public Health. [Lacasaña, M] CIBER Epidemiology & Public Health, CIBERESP. [Aguilar-Garduño, C] Andalusian Observatory of Environmental Health. [Cebrian, M. E] CINVESTAV
Keywords: Agricultural Workers' Diseases;Enfermedades de los Trabajadores Agrícolas;Pesticides;Plaguicidas;Mexico
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Occupational Diseases::Agricultural Workers' Diseases
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Chemical Actions and Uses::Specialty Uses of Chemicals::Pesticides
Medical Subject Headings::Geographicals::Geographic Locations::Americas::North America::Mexico
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Environment and Public Health::Public Health::Epidemiologic Methods::Epidemiologic Study Characteristics as Topic::Epidemiologic Studies::Cross-Sectional Studies
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Environment and Public Health::Public Health::Epidemiologic Methods::Epidemiologic Study Characteristics as Topic::Clinical Trials as Topic::Multicenter Studies as Topic
Issue Date: May-2010
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Citation: Schilmann A, Lacasaña M, Blanco-Muñoz J, Aguilar-Garduño C, Salinas-Rodríguez A, Flores-Aldana M, et al. Identifying pesticide use patterns among flower growers to assess occupational exposure to mixtures. Occup Environ Med. 2010 May; 67 (5) :323-9
Abstract: Objectives Exposure assessment to a single pesticide does not capture the complexity of the occupational exposure. Recently, pesticide use patterns analysis has emerged as an alternative to study these exposures. The aim of this study is to identify the pesticide use pattern among flower growers in Mexico participating in the study on the endocrine and reproductive effects associated with pesticide exposure. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out to gather retrospective information on pesticide use applying a questionnaire to the person in charge of the participating flower growing farms. Information about seasonal frequency of pesticide use (rainy and dry) for the years 2004 and 2005 was obtained. Principal components analysis was performed. Results Complete information was obtained for 88 farms and 23 pesticides were included in the analysis. Six principal components were selected, which explained more than 70% of the data variability. The identified pesticide use patterns during both years were: 1. fungicides benomyl, carbendazim, thiophanate and metalaxyl (both seasons), including triadimephon during the rainy season, chlorotalonyl and insecticide permethrin during the dry season; 2. insecticides oxamyl, biphenthrin and fungicide iprodione (both seasons), including insecticide methomyl during the dry season; 3. fungicide mancozeb and herbicide glyphosate (only during the rainy season); 4. insecticides metamidophos and parathion (both seasons); 5. insecticides omethoate and methomyl (only rainy season); and 6. insecticides abamectin and carbofuran (only dry season). Some pesticides do not show a clear pattern of seasonal use during the studied years. Conclusions The principal component analysis is useful to summarise a large set of exposure variables into smaller groups of exposure patterns, identifying the mixtures of pesticides in the occupational environment that may have an interactive effect on a particular health effect.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10668/270
metadata.dc.relation.publisherversion: http://oem.bmj.com/content/67/5/323.long
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1136/oem.2009.047175
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - EASP. Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública

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