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Title: Differential expression of myosin heavy chain isoforms in cardiac segments of gnathostome vertebrates and its evolutionary implications
Authors: López-Unzu, Miguel A.
Durán, Ana Carmen
Soto-Navarrete, María Teresa
Sans-Coma, Valentín
Fernández, Borja
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [López-Unzu,MA; Durán,AC; Soto-Navarrete,MT; Sans-Coma,V; Fernández,B] Departamento de Biología Animal, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, España. [López-Unzu,MA; Durán,AC; Soto-Navarrete,MT; Sans-Coma,V; Fernández,B] Instituto de Biomedicina de Málaga (IBIMA), Málaga, Spain. [Fernández,B] CIBERCV Enfermedades Cardiovasculares, Málaga, Spain.
Keywords: Gnathostome;Myocardium;Myosin heavy chain;MYH2;MYH7B;Gnathostomiasis;Miocardio;Cadenas pesadas de miosina
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Parasitic Diseases::Helminthiasis::Nematode Infections::Secernentea Infections::Spirurida Infections::Gnathostomiasis
Medical Subject Headings::Anatomy::Cardiovascular System::Heart::Myocardium
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Macromolecular Substances::Polymers::Biopolymers::Microfilament Proteins::Myosins::Myosin Heavy Chains
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals
Issue Date: 10-Jun-2019
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Citation: López-Unzu MA, Durán AC, Soto-Navarrete MT, Sans-Coma V, Fernández B. Differential expression of myosin heavy chain isoforms in cardiac segments of gnathostome vertebrates and its evolutionary implications. Front Zool. 2019 Jun 10;16:18.
Abstract: Background: Immunohistochemical studies of hearts from the lesser spotted dogfish, Scyliorhinus canicula (Chondrichthyes) revealed that the pan-myosin heavy chain (pan-MyHC) antibody MF20 homogeneously labels all the myocardium, while the pan-MyHC antibody A4.1025 labels the myocardium of the inflow (sinus venosus and atrium) but not the outflow (ventricle and conus arteriosus) cardiac segments, as opposed to other vertebrates. We hypothesized that the conventional pattern of cardiac MyHC isoform distribution present in most vertebrates, i.e. MYH6 in the inflow and MYH7 in the outflow segments, has evolved from a primitive pattern that persists in Chondrichthyes. In order to test this hypothesis, we conducted protein detection techniques to identify the MyHC isoforms expressed in adult dogfish cardiac segments and to assess the pan-MyHC antibodies reactivity against the cardiac segments of representative species from different vertebrate groups. Results: Western and slot blot results confirmed the specificity of MF20 and A4.1025 for MyHC in dogfish and their differential reactivity against distinct myocardial segments. HPLC-ESI-MS/MS and ESI-Quadrupole-Orbitrap revealed abundance of MYH6 and MYH2 in the inflow and of MYH7 and MYH7B in the outflow segments. Immunoprecipitation showed higher affinity of A4.1025 for MYH2 and MYH6 than for MYH7 and almost no affinity for MYH7B. Immunohistochemistry showed that A4.1025 signals are restricted to the inflow myocardial segments of elasmobranchs, homogeneous in all myocardial segments of teleosts and acipenseriforms, and low in the ventricle of polypteriforms. Conclusions: The cardiac inflow and outflow segments of the dogfish show predominance of fast- and slow-twitch MyHC isoforms respectively, what can be considered a synapomorphy of gnathostomes. The myocardium of the dogfish contains two isomyosins (MYH2 and MYH7B) not expressed in the adult heart of other vertebrates. We propose that these isomyosins lost their function in cardiac contraction during the evolution of gnathostomes, the later acquiring a regulatory role in myogenesis through its intronic miRNA. Loss of MYH2 and MYH7B expression in the heart possibly occurred before the origin of Osteichthyes, being the latter reacquired in polypteriforms. We raise the hypothesis that the slow tonic MYH7B facilitates the peristaltic contraction of the conus arteriosus of fish with a primitive cardiac anatomical design and of the vertebrate embryo.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1186/s12983-019-0318-9
ISSN: 1742-9994 (Online)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - IBIMA. Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga

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