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Title: Risk of suicide in households threatened with eviction: the role of banks and social support
Authors: Mateo-Rodríguez, Inmaculada
Miccoli, Laura
Daponte-Codina, Antonio
Bolívar-Muñoz, Julia
Escudero-Espinosa, Cecilia
Fernández-Santaella, M. Carmen
Vila-Castellar, Jaime
Robles-Ortega, Humbelina
Mata-Martín, José Luis
Bernal-Solano, Mariola
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Mateo-Rodríguez,I; Miccoli,L; Daponte-Codina,A; Bolívar-Muñoz,J; Bernal-Solano,M] CIBER Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain. [Mateo-Rodríguez,I; Daponte-Codina,A; Bolívar-Muñoz,J; Escudero-Espinosa,C; Bernal-Solano,M] Andalusian School of Public Health (EASP), Granada, Spain. [Mateo-Rodríguez,I] Institute of Biomedicine Research (IBIS) Granada, Spain. [Daponte-Codina,A] Andalusian Observatory on Environment and Health (OSMAN), Granada, Spain. [Fernández-Santaella,MC; Vila-Castellar,J; Robles-Ortega,H; Mata-Martín,JL] Mind, Brain, and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, Granada, Spain. [Daponte-Codina,A] Observatorio de Salud y Medio Ambiente de Andalucía, Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública (EASP), Consejería de Salud y Familias de la Junta de Andalucia, Granada, Spain.
Keywords: Evictions;Floreclosure;Suicide risk;Social support;Banks;Apoyo social;Bancos;Desahucio;Suicidio;Homeless persons;Personas sin hogar
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Persons::Persons::Age Groups::Adult
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Population Characteristics::Socioeconomic Factors::Family Characteristics
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Female
Medical Subject Headings::Persons::Persons::Homeless Persons
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Environment and Public Health::Public Health::Epidemiologic Measurements::Demography::Residence Characteristics::Housing
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates::Mammals::Primates::Haplorhini::Catarrhini::Hominidae::Humans
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Male
Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Psychological Phenomena and Processes::Mental Health
Medical Subject Headings::Anthropology, Education, Sociology and Social Phenomena::Social Sciences::Sociology::Social Problems
Medical Subject Headings::Anthropology, Education, Sociology and Social Phenomena::Social Sciences::Sociology::Social Environment::Social Support
Medical Subject Headings::Anthropology, Education, Sociology and Social Phenomena::Social Sciences::Sociology::Socioeconomic Factors
Medical Subject Headings::Geographical Locations::Geographic Locations::Europe::Spain
Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms::Behavior::Behavioral Symptoms::Self-Injurious Behavior::Suicide
Issue Date: 11-Sep-2019
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Citation: Mateo-Rodríguez I, Miccoli L, Daponte-Codina A, Bolívar-Muñoz J, Escudero-Espinosa C, Fernández-Santaella MC, et al. Risk of suicide in households threatened with eviction: the role of banks and social support. BMC Public Health. 2019 Sep 11;19(1):1250.
Abstract: Background: One of the greatest effects of the financial crisis in Spain has been the enormous increase in the number of evictions. Several studies have shown the association of evictions with different aspects of the physical and mental health. Furthermore, evictions have been associated with an increased risk of suicide. Our objective was to evaluate the risk of suicide among victims of eviction and investigate whether it is associated with specific characteristics of households and interviewees, the eviction process and social support, and health needs. Methods: A total of 205 participants from households threatened with eviction in Granada, Spain, and 673 being the total number of members of these households, were interviewed in one-on-one sessions between April 2013 and May 2014. Through a questionnaire, information was obtained on physical and mental health, characteristics of their eviction process and support networks, and the use of health services. Results: Almost half of the sample (46.7%) were at low (11.8%), moderate (16.9%), or high suicide risk (17.9%). Household and interviewee features had a limited association with suicide risk. On the contrary, the risk of suicide is greater with a longer exposure to the eviction process. In addition, threatening phone calls from banks increased significantly the risk of suicide, especially among men. Suicide risk was also associated with low social support, especially among women. Interviewees at risk of suicide received more help from nongovernmental organizations than those who were not at risk. In interviewees at risk, the main unmet needs were emotional and psychological help, especially in men. A high percentage of those at risk of suicide declare having large unmeet health needs. Finally, there was a tendency among the evicted at risk of suicide to visit emergency room and primary care more often than those not at risk, especially among women. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first study showing that when banks adopt a threatening attitude, suicide risk increases among the evicted. As hypothesized, when the evicted felt socially supported, suicide risk decreased. Emotional help was the main mediator of suicide risk and the main unmet need, especially among men.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-7548-9
ISSN: 1471-2458 (Online)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - EASP. Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública
01- Artículos - IBIS. Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla

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