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Title: Changes in Dietary Behaviours during the COVID-19 Outbreak Confinement in the Spanish COVIDiet Study
Authors: Rodríguez-Pérez, Celia
Molina-Montes, Esther
Verardo, Vito
Artacho, Reyes
García-Villanova, Belén
Guerra-Hernández, Eduardo Jesús
Ruíz-López, María Dolores
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Rodríguez-Pérez,C; Molina-Montes,E; Verardo,V; Artacho,R; García-Villanova,B; Guerra-Hernández,EJ, Ruíz-López,MD] Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, Campus of Cartuja, Granada, Spain. [[Rodríguez-Pérez,C; Molina-Montes,E; Verardo,V; Ruíz-López,MD] Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INYTA) 'José Mataix', Biomedical Research Centre, University of Granada, Granada, Spain. [Molina-Montes,E] Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria ibs.GRANADA, University Hospital of Granada/University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
Keywords: Dietary behaviours;COVID-19;Confinement;Mediterranean diet;Olive oil;Vegetables;Fruits;Legumes;Fried foods;Snacking;Coronavirus;Confinamiento;Dieta
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms::Behavior::Feeding Behavior
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Epidemiologic Methods::Data Collection::Nutrition Assessment::Nutrition Surveys::Diet Surveys
Medical Subject Headings::Persons::Persons::Age Groups::Adult
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Physiological Phenomena::Nutritional Physiological Phenomena::Diet::Diet, Mediterranean
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Virus Diseases::RNA Virus Infections::Nidovirales Infections::Coronaviridae Infections::Coronavirus Infections
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Environment and Public Health::Public Health::Disease Outbreaks::Epidemics::Pandemics
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Environment and Public Health::Public Health::Public Health Practice::Communicable Disease Control::Infection Control::Quarantine
Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms::Psychology, Social::Life Style
Medical Subject Headings::Technology and Food and Beverages::Food and Beverages::Food
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Male
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Female
Medical Subject Headings::Geographical Locations::Geographic Locations::Europe::Spain
Issue Date: 10-Jun-2020
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Citation: Rodríguez-Pérez C, Molina-Montes E, Verardo V, Artacho R, García-Villanova B, Guerra-Hernández EJ, et al. Changes in Dietary Behaviours during the COVID-19 Outbreak Confinement in the Spanish COVIDiet Study. Nutrients. 2020 Jun 10;12(6):1730.
Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether dietary behaviours of the Spanish adult population were changed during the COVID-19 outbreak confinement. For that purpose, an online questionnaire, based on 44 items including socio-demographic data, Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) Adherence Screener (MEDAS) as a reference of a healthy diet, processed foods intake, changes in their usual food choices and weight gain was distributed using social media and snowball sampling. A total of 7514 participants (37% aged below 35 years, 70.6% female, 77.9% university-level education or higher) from all the Spanish territory completed the questionnaire. Results outlined healthier dietary behaviours during the confinement when compared to previous habits. Overall, the MEDAS score (ranging from 0 to 14, whereby higher a scoring reflects greater adherence to the MedDiet) increased significantly from 6.53 ± 2 to 7.34 ± 1.93 during the confinement. Multivariate logistic regression models, adjusted for age, gender, region and other variables, showed a statistically significant higher likelihood of changing the adherence to the MedDiet (towards an increase in adherence) in those persons who decreased the intake of fried foods, snacks, fast foods, red meat, pastries or sweet beverages, but increased MedDiet-related foods such as olive oil, vegetables, fruits or legumes during the confinement. COVID-19 confinement in Spain has led to the adoption of healthier dietary habits/behaviours in the studied population, as reflected by a higher adherence to the MedDiet. This improvement, if sustained in the long-term, could have a positive impact on the prevention of chronic diseases and COVID-19-related complications.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.3390/nu12061730
ISSN: 2072-6643 (Online)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - ibsGRANADA. Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada

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