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Title: Impact of Exercise on Gut Microbiota in Obesity
Authors: Aragón-Vela, Jerónimo
Solis-Urra, Patricio
Ruiz-Ojeda, Francisco Javier
Álvarez-Mercado, Ana Isabel
Olivares-Arancibia, Jorge
Plaza-Diaz, Julio
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Aragón-Vela,J] Department of Physiology, School of Pharmacy, University of Granada, Campus de Cartuja s/n, Granada, Spain. [Aragón-Vela,J; Ruiz-Ojeda,FJ; Álvarez-Mercado,AI] Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology “José Mataix”, Center of Biomedical Research, University of Granada, Avda. del Conocimiento s/n, Granada, Spain. [Solis-Urra,P] PROFITH “PROmoting FITness and Health through Physical Activity” Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sports Science, University of Granada, Granada, Spain. [Solis-Urra,P] Faculty of Education and Social Sciences, Universidad Andres Bello, Viña del Mar, Chile. [Ruiz-Ojeda,FJ; Álvarez-Mercado,AI; Plaza-Diaz,J] Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, School of Pharmacy, University of Granada, Granada, Spain. [Ruiz-Ojeda,FJ; Álvarez-Mercado,AI; Plaza-Diaz,J] Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria IBS.GRANADA, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Granada, Granada, Spain. [Ruiz-Ojeda,FJ] RG Adipocytes and Metabolism, Institute for Diabetes and Obesity, Helmholtz Diabetes Center at Helmholtz Center Munich, Neuherberg, Munich, Germany. [Álvarez-Mercado,AI] Grupo AFySE, Investigación en Actividad Física y Salud Escolar, Escuela de Pedagogía en Educación Física, Facultad de Educación, Universidad de las Américas, Santiago, Chile. [Olivares-Arancibia,J] IRyS Research Group, School of Physical Education, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Valparaíso, Chile. [Plaza-Diaz,J] Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, ON K1H 8L1, Canada.
Keywords: Gut microbiota;Physical activity;Health;Obesity;Children;Humans;Non-communicable diseases;Microbioma gastrointestinal;Ejercicio físico;Salud;Obesidad;Niño;Humanos;Enfermedades no transmisibles
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Bacteria::Bacteroidetes
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms::Signs and Symptoms::Body Weight
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms::Pathologic Processes::Dysbiosis
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates::Mammals::Primates::Haplorhini::Catarrhini::Hominidae::Humans
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms::Pathologic Processes::Inflammation
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Musculoskeletal and Neural Physiological Phenomena::Musculoskeletal Physiological Phenomena::Musculoskeletal Physiological Processes::Movement::Motor Activity::Exercise
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases::Nutrition Disorders::Overnutrition::Obesity
Issue Date: 10-Nov-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Aragón-Vela J, Solis-Urra P, Ruiz-Ojeda FJ, Álvarez-Mercado AI, Olivares-Arancibia J, Plaza-Diaz J. Impact of Exercise on Gut Microbiota in Obesity. Nutrients. 2021 Nov 10;13(11):3999
Abstract: Physical activity, exercise, or physical fitness are being studied as helpful nonpharmacological therapies to reduce signaling pathways related to inflammation. Studies describing changes in intestinal microbiota have stated that physical activity could increase the microbial variance and enhance the ratio of Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes, and both actions could neutralize the obesity progression and diminish body weight. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the literature describing the relationship between physical activity profiles and gut microbiota and in obesity and some associated comorbidities. Promoting physical activity could support as a treatment to maintain the gut microbiota composition or to restore the balance toward an improvement of dysbiosis in obesity; however, these mechanisms need to be studied in more detail. The opportunity to control the microbiota by physical activity to improve health results and decrease obesity and related comorbidities is very attractive. Nevertheless, several incompletely answered questions need to be addressed before this strategy can be implemented.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.3390/nu13113999
ISSN: 2072-6643 (Online)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Granada
01- Artículos - ibsGRANADA. Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada

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