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Title: The Role of Emotional Regulation and Affective Balance on Health Perception in Cardiovascular Disease Patients According to Sex Differences
Authors: Luque, Bárbara
Castillo-Mayén, Rosario
Cuadrado, Esther
Gutiérrez-Domingo, Tamara
Rubio, Sebastián J.
Arenas, Alicia
Delgado-Lista, Javier
Pérez Martínez, Pablo
Tabernero, Carmen
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Luque,B; Castillo-Mayén,R; Cuadrado,E; Gutiérrez-Domingo,T; Rubio,SJ; Arenas,A; Delgado-Lista,J; Pérez Martínez,P; Tabernero,C] Maimonides Biomedical Research Institute of Córdoba (IMIBIC), Córdoba, Spain. [Luque,B; Castillo-Mayén,R; Cuadrado,E; Gutiérrez-Domingo,T] Department of Psychology, University of Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain. [Rubio,SJ] Department of Didactics of Experimental Sciences, University of Córdoba, Cordoba, Spain. [Arenas,A] Department of Social Psychology, University of Seville, Seville, Spain. [Delgado-Lista,J; Pérez Martínez,P] Lipids and Atherosclerosis Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Reina Sofía University Hospital, Córdoba, Spain. [Delgado-Lista,J; Pérez Martínez,P] Department of Medicine (Medicine, Dermatology and Otorhinolaryngology), University of Córdoba, Cordoba, Spain. [Delgado-Lista,J; Pérez Martínez,P] CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBEROBN), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Madrid, Spain. [Tabernero,C] Instituto de Neurociencias de Castilla y León (INCYL), University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.
Keywords: Gender;Women’s health;Emotional regulation;Cardiovascular health;Género y salud;Salud de la mujer;Regulación emocional;Enfermedades cardiovasculares
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates::Mammals::Primates::Haplorhini::Catarrhini::Hominidae::Humans
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Male
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Female
Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms::Personality::Personality Development::Self Concept::Self Efficacy
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Cardiovascular Diseases
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Epidemiologic Methods::Epidemiologic Study Characteristics as Topic::Epidemiologic Studies::Cohort Studies::Longitudinal Studies
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena::Reproductive Physiological Phenomena::Sex Characteristics
Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms::Emotions::Anxiety
Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Psychological Phenomena and Processes::Mental Processes::Perception
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Health Care Facilities, Manpower, and Services::Health Promotion
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms::Pathologic Processes::Disease Attributes::Chronic Disease
Issue Date: 30-Sep-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Luque B, Castillo-Mayén R, Cuadrado E, Gutiérrez-Domingo T, Rubio SJ, Arenas A, et al. The Role of Emotional Regulation and Affective Balance on Health Perception in Cardiovascular Disease Patients According to Sex Differences. J Clin Med. 2020 Sep 30;9(10):3165
Abstract: One of the challenges of aging is the increase of people with chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD). Men and women experience the disease differently. Therefore, it has an impact on how CVD is treated and its outcomes. This research analyzed the relationship between psychosocial variables and health promotion among cardiovascular patients, paying special attention to sex differences. A longitudinal study with cardiovascular patients (747 in phase 1 (122 women) and 586 in phase 2 (83 women)) was carried out. Participants were evaluated based on their sociodemographic characteristics, affective balance, regulatory negative affect self-efficacy, stress and anxiety regulation strategies, and perceived global health. Results showed that men presented significantly higher scores in positive affect, affective balance, and self-efficacy to regulate negative emotions, while women presented significantly higher scores in negative affect and the use of passive strategies to cope with stressful situations. Regression analyses showed that all psychological variables studied in phase 1 were significant predictors of health perception in phase 2. According to the results, it is necessary to include strategies to improve cardiovascular health through education and emotional regulation, with a gender focus.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.3390/jcm9103165
ISSN: 2077-0383 (Online)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - IMIBIC. Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba

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