Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10668/413
Title: Prevention of overweight and obesity: a Spanish approach
Authors: Aranceta, Javier
Pérez-Rodrigo, Carmen
Serra-Majem, Lluis
Bellido, Diego
López de la Torre, Martín
Formiguera, Xavier
Moreno, Basilio
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Aranceta,J; Pérez-Rodrigo,C] Community Nutrition Unit, Bilbao Department of Public Health, Bilbao, Spain.[Aranceta,J] Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain. [Serra-Majem,L] Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas, Spain.[Bellido,D] Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital of El Ferrol, El Ferrol, Spain. [López de la Torre,M] Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, Spain. [Formiguera,X] Obesity Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Spain. [Moreno,B] Obesity Unit, Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain.
Keywords: Adolescente;Adulto;Factores de Edad;Índice de Masa Corporal;Lactancia Materna;Niño;Dieta;Ejercicio;Femenino;Política de Salud;Humanos;Masculino;Mediana Edad;Política Nutricional;Fenómenos Fisiológicos de la Nutrición;Obesidad;Sobrepeso;Prevalencia;Factores de Riesgo;Factores Sexuales;España /epidemiología;Population Studies;Determinant factors;Preventive strategies
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adolescent
Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adult
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Environment and Public Health::Public Health::Epidemiologic Factors::Age Factors
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Physiological Phenomena::Body Constitution::Body Weights and Measures::Body Mass Index
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Physiological Phenomena::Nutritional Physiological Phenomena::Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena::Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena::Breast Feeding
Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Child
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Physiological Phenomena::Nutritional Physiological Phenomena::Diet
Medical Subject Headings::Disciplines and Occupations::Human Activities::Exercise
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Female
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Health Care Economics and Organizations::Policy::Social Control Policies::Public Policy::Health Policy
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates::Mammals::Primates::Haplorhini::Catarrhini::Hominidae::Humans
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Male
Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adult::Middle Aged
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Health Care Economics and Organizations::Policy::Social Control Policies::Public Policy::Health Policy::Nutrition Policy
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Physiological Phenomena::Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Physiological Phenomena::Body Constitution::Body Weights and Measures::Body Size::Body Weight::Overweight::Obesity
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms::Signs and Symptoms::Body Weight::Overweight
Medical Subject Headings::Information Science::Information Science::Data Collection::Vital Statistics::Morbidity::Prevalence
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Environment and Public Health::Public Health::Epidemiologic Factors::Causality::Risk Factors
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Environment and Public Health::Public Health::Epidemiologic Factors::Sex Factors
Medical Subject Headings::Geographicals::Geographic Locations::Europe::Spain
Issue Date: 28-Sep-2007
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Citation: Aranceta J, Pérez-Rodrigo C, Serra-Majem L, Bellido D, López de la Torre M et al. Prevention of overweight and obesity: a Spanish approach. Public Health Nutr. 2007 Oct;10(10A):1187-93.
Abstract: Background. Obesity is considered a major public health issue in most developed countries nowadays. This paper provides an overview of current population data available in Spain and the approach to develop preventive strategies in the country. Methods. Review of population data available is based on individually measured weight and height as well as determinants. On this basis, the approach used in the country to develop preventive strategies is discussed. Results. According to the DORICA study, the prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥30 kg m−2) is 15.5% in Spanish adults aged 25–60 years (13.2% in men and 17.5% in women). Obesity rates are higher among women aged 45 years and older, low social class, living in semi-urban places. Population estimates for the prevalence of obesity in Spanish children and young people based on the enKid study are 13.9% for the whole group. In this study, overweight and obesity is related to absence of breastfeeding, low consumption of fruit and vegetables, high consumption of cakes, buns, softdrinks and butchery products, low physical activity levels and a positive association with time spent watching TV. In 2005, the Spanish Ministry of Health jointly with the Spanish Agency for Food Safety and Nutrition launched the multifaceted NAOS strategy for nutrition, physical activity and the prevention of obesity. The important role of the family and the school setting as well as the responsibility of the Health Administration and Pediatric Care in the prevention of obesity is highlighted in the document. The need for environmental actions is recognised. The PERSEO programme, a multicomponent school-based intervention project is part of the strategy currently in place. Conclusion. Obesity is a public health issue in Spain. A national multifaceted strategy was launched to counteract the problem. Environmental and policy actions are a priority. Young children and their families are among the main target groups.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10668/413
metadata.dc.relation.publisherversion: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=1344684
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1017/S1368980007000699
ISSN: 1368-9800 (Print)
1475-2727(Online)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - Hospital Virgen de las Nieves

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