Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10668/442
Title: Oxidative stress is increased in critically ill patients according to antioxidant vitamins intake, independent of severity: a cohort study
Authors: Abilés, Jimena
P de la Cruz, Antonio
Castaño, José
Rodríguez-Elvira, Manuel
Aguayo, Eduardo
Moreno-Torres, Rosario
Llopis, Juan
Aranda, Pilar
Argüelles, Sandro
Ayala, Antonio
M de la Quintana, Alberto
Planells, Elena M
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Abilés,J; P de la Cruz,A; Moreno-Torres,R] Nutrition and Dietary Unit, Virgen de las Nieves Hospital, Granada, Spain. [Castaño,J; Rodríguez-Elvira,M; Aguayo,E] Critical Care Unit, Virgen de las Nieves Hospital, Granada, Spain. [Llopis,J; Aranda,P; Planells,EM] Institute of Nutrition, Physiology Department, University of Granada, Granada, Spain. [Argüelles,S; Ayala,A; M de la Quintana,A] Biochemistry Department, University of Seville, Seville, Spain.
Keywords: Adulto;Anciano;Anciano de 80 o más Años;Antioxidantes;Marcadores Biológicos;Estudios de Cohortes;Enfermedad Crítica;Femenino;Humanos;Masculino;Mediana Edad;Oxidación-Reducción;Estrés Oxidativo;Especies de Oxígeno Reactivo;Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad;Vitaminas
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adult
Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adult::Aged
Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adult::Aged::Aged, 80 and over
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Chemical Actions and Uses::Specialty Uses of Chemicals::Protective Agents::Antioxidants
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Biological Factors::Biological Markers
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Epidemiologic Methods::Epidemiologic Study Characteristics as Topic::Epidemiologic Studies::Cohort Studies
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms::Pathologic Processes::Disease Attributes::Critical Illness
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Female
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates::Mammals::Primates::Haplorhini::Catarrhini::Hominidae::Humans
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Male
Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adult::Middle Aged
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Metabolic Phenomena::Metabolism::Energy Metabolism::Oxidation-Reduction
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Metabolic Phenomena::Metabolism::Oxidative Stress
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Inorganic Chemicals::Oxygen Compounds::Reactive Oxygen Species
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Epidemiologic Methods::Data Collection::Health Surveys::Health Status Indicators::Severity of Illness Index
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Chemical Actions and Uses::Pharmacologic Actions::Physiological Effects of Drugs::Growth Substances::Micronutrients::Vitamins
Issue Date: 13-Oct-2006
Publisher: BioMed Central
Citation: Abilés J, P de la Cruz A, Castaño J, Rodríguez-Elvira M, Aguayo E, Moreno-Torres R et al. Oxidative stress is increased in critically ill patients according to antioxidant vitamins intake, independent of severity: a cohort study.Crit Care. 2006;10(5):R146.
Abstract: Introduction. Critically ill patients suffer from oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). Although ROS/RNS are constantly produced under normal circumstances, critical illness can drastically increase their production. These patients have reduced plasma and intracellular levels of antioxidants and free electron scavengers or cofactors, and decreased activity of the enzymatic system involved in ROS detoxification. The pro-oxidant/antioxidant balance is of functional relevance during critical illness because it is involved in the pathogenesis of multiple organ failure. In this study the objective was to evaluate the relation between oxidative stress in critically ill patients and antioxidant vitamin intake and severity of illness. Methods. Spectrophotometry was used to measure in plasma the total antioxidant capacity and levels of lipid peroxide, carbonyl group, total protein, bilirubin and uric acid at two time points: at intensive care unit (ICU) admission and on day seven. Daily diet records were kept and compliance with recommended dietary allowance (RDA) of antioxidant vitamins (A, C and E) was assessed. Results. Between admission and day seven in the ICU, significant increases in lipid peroxide and carbonyl group were associated with decreased antioxidant capacity and greater deterioration in Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score. There was significantly greater worsening in oxidative stress parameters in patients who received antioxidant vitamins at below 66% of RDA than in those who received antioxidant vitamins at above 66% of RDA. An antioxidant vitamin intake from 66% to 100% of RDA reduced the risk for worsening oxidative stress by 94% (ods ratio 0.06, 95% confidence interval 0.010 to 0.39), regardless of change in severity of illness (Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score). Conclusion. The critical condition of patients admitted to the ICU is associated with worsening oxidative stress. Intake of antioxidant vitamins below 66% of RDA and alteration in endogenous levels of substances with antioxidant capacity are related to redox imbalance in critical ill patients. Therefore, intake of antioxidant vitamins should be carefully monitored so that it is as close as possible to RDA.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10668/442
metadata.dc.relation.publisherversion: http://ccforum.com/content/10/5/R146
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1186/cc5068
ISSN: 1364-8535 (Print)
1466-609X (Online)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - Hospital Virgen de las Nieves

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