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Title: Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance in Australia
Authors: Rodriguez-Martinez, JM
Poirel, L
Pascual, A
Nordmann, P
metadata.dc.contributor.authoraffiliation: [Rodriguez-Martinez,JM; Poirel,L; Nordmann,P;] Service de Bactériologie-Virologie, Hôpital de Bicêtre, Assistance Publique/Hôpitaux de Paris, Faculté de Médecine Paris-Sud, Université Paris XI, K.-Bicêtre, France. [Rodriguez-Martinez,JM; Pascual,A] University Hospital Virgen Macarena, University of Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain.
Keywords: plasmid;quinolone;plasmidos;quinolonas
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Chemical Actions and Uses::Pharmacologic Actions::Therapeutic Uses::Anti-Infective Agents::Anti-Bacterial Agents
Medical Subject Headings::Geographicals::Geographic Locations::Australia
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Microbiological Phenomena::Drug Resistance, Microbial::Drug Resistance, Bacterial
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Bacteria::Gram-Negative Bacteria::Gram-Negative Facultatively Anaerobic Rods::Enterobacteriaceae::Enterobacter::Enterobacter cloacae
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Bacteria::Gram-Negative Bacteria::Gram-Negative Facultatively Anaerobic Rods::Enterobacteriaceae::Escherichia::Escherichia coli
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Heterocyclic Compounds::Heterocyclic Compounds, 2-Ring::Quinolines::Quinolones::Fluoroquinolones
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Genetic Phenomena::Genetic Structures::Genome::Genome, Bacterial::Genes, Bacterial
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates::Mammals::Primates::Haplorhini::Catarrhini::Hominidae::Humans
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Bacteria::Gram-Negative Bacteria::Gram-Negative Facultatively Anaerobic Rods::Enterobacteriaceae::Klebsiella::Klebsiella pneumoniae
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Genetic Phenomena::Genetic Structures::Plasmids
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Investigative Techniques::Genetic Techniques::Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques::Polymerase Chain Reaction
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Genetic Phenomena::Genetic Structures::Plasmids::R Factors
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Enzymes and Coenzymes::Enzymes::Hydrolases::Amidohydrolases::beta-Lactamases
Issue Date: 19-Jul-2006
Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert
Citation: Rodriguez-Martinez JM, Poirel L, Pascual A, Nordmann P. Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance in Australia. Microb Drug Resist. 2006 Summer;12(2):99-102
Abstract: The aim of this study was to search for plasmid-encoded quinolone resistance determinants QnrA and QnrS in fluoroquinolone-resistant and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing enterobacterial isolates recovered in Sydney, Australia, in 2002. Twenty-three fluoroquinolone-resistant, of which 16 were also ESBL-positive, enterobacterial and nonrelated isolates were studied. PCR with primers specific for qnrA and qnrS genes and primers specific for a series of ESBL genes were used. A qnrA gene was identified in two ESBL-positive isolates, whereas no qnrS-positive strain was found. The QnrA1 determinant was identified in an Enterobacter cloacae isolate and in a carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate, both of which expressed the same ESBL SHV- 12. Whereas no plasmid was identified in the E. cloacae isolate, K. pneumoniae K149 possessed two conjugative plasmids, one that harbored the qnrA and bla (SHV)-12 genes whereas the other expressed the carbapenemase gene bla (IMP-4). The qnrA gene, was located in both cases downstream of the orf513 recombinase gene and upstream of the qnrA1 gene, a structure identical to that found in sul1-type integron In36 and qnrA-positive strains from Shanghai, China. However, the gene cassettes of the sul1-type integrons were different. This study identified the first plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinant in Enterobacteriaceae in Australia.
Description: This is a copy of an article published in the Microbial Drug Resistance © 2006 [copyright Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.]; Microbial Drug Resistance is available online at:
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1089/mdr.2006.12.99
ISSN: 1076-6294 (Print)
1931-8448 (Online)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - Hospital Virgen Macarena

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