Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10668/721
Título : Influence of physical activity and dietary habits on lipid profile, blood pressure and BMI in subjects with metabolic syndrome
Influencia de la actividad física y los hábitos nutricionales sobre el perfil lipídico, presión arterial e IMC en sujetos con síndrome metabólico
Autor : Muros Molina, J J
Oliveras López, Ma J
Mayor Reyes, María
Reyes Burgos, T
López García de la Serrana, H
Filiación: [Muros Molina,JJ; López García de la Serrana,H] Departamento de Nutrición y Bromatología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Granada, Granada, España. [Oliveras López,MJ] Departamento de Biología Molecular e Ingeniería Bioquímica, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, España. [Mayor Reyes,M; Reyes Burgos,T] Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Victoria, Málaga, España.
Palabras clave : Physical activity
Dietary habits
Health
Metabolic syndrome
Actividad física
Hábitos dietéticos
Salud
Síndrome metabólico
Lipids
Lipoproteins, LDL
Triglycerides
Cholesterol
Blood Glucose
MeSH: Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Carbohydrates::Monosaccharides::Hexoses::Glucose::Blood Glucose
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Circulatory and Respiratory Physiological Phenomena::Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena::Hemodynamics::Blood Pressure
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Chemical Phenomena::Biochemical Phenomena::Body Composition
Medical Subject Headings::Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment::Diagnosis::Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures::Physical Examination::Body Constitution::Body Weights and Measures::Body Mass Index
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Polycyclic Compounds::Steroids::Cholestanes::Cholestenes::Cholesterol
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Female
Medical Subject Headings::Psychiatry and Psychology::Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms::Behavior::Habits::Food Habits
Medical Subject Headings::Organisms::Eukaryota::Animals::Chordata::Vertebrates::Mammals::Primates::Haplorhini::Catarrhini::Hominidae::Humans
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Lipids
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Lipids::Lipoproteins::Lipoproteins, LDL
Medical Subject Headings::Check Tags::Male
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases::Metabolic Diseases::Metabolic Syndrome X
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases::Metabolic Diseases::Metabolic Syndrome X
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Musculoskeletal and Neural Physiological Phenomena::Musculoskeletal Physiological Phenomena::Musculoskeletal Physiological Processes::Movement::Motor Activity
Medical Subject Headings::Diseases::Cardiovascular Diseases::Heart Diseases::Myocardial Ischemia::Myocardial Infarction
Medical Subject Headings::Phenomena and Processes::Physiological Phenomena::Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Medical Subject Headings::Health Care::Health Care Quality, Access, and Evaluation::Delivery of Health Care::Attitude to Health::Patient Acceptance of Health Care::Patient Compliance
Medical Subject Headings::Chemicals and Drugs::Lipids::Glycerides::Triglycerides
Medical Subject Headings::Named Groups::Persons::Age Groups::Adult::Aged
Fecha de publicación : 2011
Editorial : Grupo Aula Médica
Cita Bibliográfica: Muros Molina JJ, Oliveras López MJ, Mayor Reyes M, Reyes Burgos T, López García de la Serrana H. Influence of physical activity and dietary habits on lipid profile, blood pressure and BMI in subjects with metabolic syndrome. Nutr Hosp 2011; 26(5):1105-9
Abstract: BACKGROUND The present study was determined the influence of physical activity and dietary habits on lipid profile, blood pressure (BP) and body mass index (BMI) in subjects with metabolic syndrome (MS). AIMS Identify the relationship between physical activity and proper nutrition and the probability of suffering from myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS Hundred chronically ill with MS who were active and followed a healthy diet were classified as compliant, while the remaining subjects were classified as non-compliant. RESULTS The compliant subjects show lower BMI values (30.8±4.9 vs 32.5±4.6), as well as lower levels of triacylglycerol (130.4±48.2 vs 242.1±90.1), total cholesterol (193.5±39 vs 220.2±52.3) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (105.2±38.3 vs 139.2±45). They show higher values in terms of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (62.2±20.1 vs 36.6±15.3), with statistically significant differences. In terms of both systolic and diastolic pressure, no differences were revealed between the groups; however, those who maintain proper dietary habits show lower systolic blood pressure levels than the inactive subjects. The probability of suffering from MI greatly increases among the group of non-compliant subjects. CONCLUSIONS Our results demonstrate how performing aerobic physical activity and following an individualized, Mediterranean diet significantly reduces MS indicators and the chances of suffering from MI.
Resumen: Introducción:_ En el presente estudio se determinó la influencia de la actividad física y los hábitos nutricionales sobre el perfil lipídico, presión arterial (PA) e índice de masa corporal (IMC) en sujetos con SM. Objetivos: Comprobar la relación entre realizar actividad física y una nutrición adecuada, y la posibilidad de sufrir infarto de miocardio (IM). Método: Se evaluaron 100 sujetos con SM. Los sujetos que manifestaban ser activos y llevaban una alimentación saludable fueron clasificados como cumplidores, mientras que al resto se les clasificó como no cumplidores. Resultados: Los sujetos cumplidores presentan valores menores en cuanto a su IMC (30,8+4,9 vs 32,5+ 4,6) y sus niveles de triglicéridos (130,4+48,2 vs 242,1+90,1) colesterol total (193,5+39 vs 220,2+52,3) y colesterol unido a lipoproteínas de baja densidad (105,2+38,3 vs 139,2+15,3) siendo las diferencias estadísticamente significativas. La PA, tanto sistólica como diastólica, no muestra diferencias entre ambos grupos; en cambio el grupo que manifiesta realizar una alimentación adecuada obtiene unos niveles de presión arterial sistólica menores que el grupo que no la realiza. La posibilidad de padecer IM aumenta significativamente en el grupo de sujetos no cumplidores. Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados muestran como la realización de actividad física de tipo aeróbica y llevar a cabo una alimentación individualizada de tipo mediterráneo reduce significativamente los parámetros relacionados con el SM y las posibilidades de sufrir IM.
Descripción : Journal Article;
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10668/721
Versión del editor : http://www.nutricionhospitalaria.com/fichadoi.asp?i=5206
DOI: 10.1590/S0212-16112011000500027
ISSN : 1699-5198 (Online)
0212-1611 (Print)
Appears in Collections:01- Artículos - Hospital Virgen de la Victoria

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