Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Dairy product consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in an elderly Spanish Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk.
Authors: Díaz-López, Andrés
Bulló, Mònica
Martínez-González, Miguel A
Corella, Dolores
Estruch, Ramon
Fitó, Montserrat
Gómez-Gracia, Enrique
Fiol, Miquel
García de la Corte, Francisco Javier
Ros, Emilio
Babio, Nancy
Serra-Majem, Lluís
Pintó, Xavier
Muñoz, Miguel Ángel
Francés, Francisco
Buil-Cosiales, Pilar
Salas-Salvadó, Jordi
Keywords: Dairy;Older adults;PREDIMED;Type 2 diabetes;Yogurt
metadata.dc.subject.mesh: Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Body Mass Index
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cholesterol, HDL
Cholesterol, LDL
Dairy Products
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Diet, Fat-Restricted
Dietary Carbohydrates
Dietary Fats
Dietary Proteins
Energy Intake
Follow-Up Studies
Mediterranean Region
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Nutrition Assessment
Proportional Hazards Models
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Surveys and Questionnaires
Waist Circumference
Issue Date: 7-Feb-2015
Abstract: The possible effects of dairy consumption on diabetes prevention remain controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the dairy consumption and type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk in an elderly Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk. We prospectively followed 3,454 non-diabetic individuals from the PREDIMED study. Dairy consumption was assessed at baseline and yearly using food frequency questionnaires and categorized into total, low-fat, whole-fat, and subgroups: milk, yogurt, cheeses, fermented dairy, concentrated full fat, and processed dairy. Hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated using Cox proportional hazards regression models. During a median follow-up of 4.1 years, we documented 270 incident T2D cases. After multivariate adjustment, total dairy product consumption was inversely associated with T2D risk [0.68 (95% CI 0.47-0.98); P-trend = .040]. This association appeared to be mainly attributed to low-fat dairy; the multivariate HRs (95% CIs) comparing the highest versus the lowest tertile consumption were 0.65 (0.45-0.94) for low-fat dairy products and 0.67 (0.46-0.95) for low-fat milk (both P-trend A healthy dietary pattern incorporating a high consumption of dairy products and particularly yogurt may be protective against T2D in older adults at high cardiovascular risk.
metadata.dc.identifier.doi: 10.1007/s00394-015-0855-8
Appears in Collections:Producción 2020

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

This item is protected by original copyright

Except where otherwise noted, Items on the Andalusian Health Repository site are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License.